First, let’s move away from the main question. What is a fuel cell car with hydrogen? And what is the distinct difference between Jaguar and Audi, the Nissan and Renault manufacturers, and the host of battery-powered electric
vehicles? Cars with hydrogen fuel cells contain batteries that store hydrogen and oxygen and fuel the vehicle with chemical reactions to water and energy generation between the two elements. Most of them have exhaust pipes, but only water escapes from them, known as fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). The cars require refueling, but not petrol or diesel fuel refilling, with hydrogen. The car gains between 320-405 km for a hydrogen fill.
Conventional electric cars, ware often referred to as electric battery operated vehicles (EBVs), are the most common fully electric cars as we tend to think. Like the BMW i3, Teslas, and the Nissan Leaf. Such vehicles repowered by batteries that hold charges close to phones. However, many electric cars can provide a little recharge for themselves when the heat generated in the braking cycle changes into electricity.
However, after every 160-500 km (100-310 miles), they still need to recharge at a PowerPoint. And for many contemplating a BEV, that is the main bugbear. It takes up to 12 hours to charge a battery fully, with a regular EV and charging point. Although fast charging points exist, adding a distance of 160 km will still take about a half-hour. This charge time compares to a refuel of petroleum or diesel in the forecourt only a few seconds. This is where fuel cell cars become their own as an alternative to zero emissions, which also refuel rapidly. It takes a few minutes, similar to the current practice, to refuel with hydrogen.
“The refueling options of FCEVs are minimal, and an expansion of the refueling system is costly compared to widening the EV charging infrastructure. Primarily this is because electric grids are already in operation in most places where cars typically need to be charged. However, the refueling of FCEV is very close in time to an internal combustion engine vehicle.”
“BEVs at a passenger’s home can easily be charged conveniently, which can not be done by FCEVs. The CO2 emissions from a BEV over its lifetime also noted, not only is substantially lower than an ICE but also more economical than FCEV.
“BEVs are not only more environmentally friendly in the short term, but far more sustainable. We are advancing fast as the industry develops new battery types for electric cars such as the use of solid-state batteries that can charge, discharge quicker and have a higher density of energy than the li-ion battery and use fewer rare metals in their manufacturing process.