Advances in neuroscience research pivot on relentless urge of researchers to understand relationships between neural structures, function, and behaviour. Over the past few decades, a wide slew of neuroimaging technologies have come to the fore, expanding the horizon of the neuroscience market. In conjunction with a growing body of animal models and in vitro studies, human neuroimaging studies have been key enabler for neuroscience research. Neuroscientists have leveraged wide spectrum of computational modelling, machine learning models, and data analytics to understand the aforementioned relationships, propelling new avenues in the neuroscience market.
U.S. and European Countries Research Hotspots
Interest of the governments around the world in reducing the burden of neurological diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, and Parkinson’s disease, has swelled substantially. Other exciting research avenues comprise headache disorders and epilepsy. Such initiatives notably include translational research and are stridently underpinning the expansion of opportunities in the neuroscience market over the decade. Particularly, the U.S. and European countries have appeared as major research hotspots. Majorly, the research is focused on identifying and testing range of cost-effective interventions, which majorly comprise population-based interventions and pharmacological interventions.
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However, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the lack of resources has led to a gap in neuroscience research to understand the epidemiology and aetiologies of neurological diseases. Further social stigma associated with psychiatric disorders are also a major roadblock in the research in neuroscience in such countries. This will create fresh streams of revenue for incumbent top shots in the neuroscience market. On the other hand, emerging economies such as China with rising per capital health expenditure have begun committing sizable funds in neuroscience research.
A large part of the research initiatives hinge around whole-brain imaging of neural circuits. The whole-brain imaging among all technologies hold a promising share in the global neuroscience market. Tellingly whole-brain imaging, neuro-microscopy and electrophysiology are likely to become staple for researchers. Neuroscientists around the world are particularly fascinated by the prospect of high-resolution projectome maps to understand the human brain.
Research in Optogenetics Gathering Steam to Unlock Novel Therapies in Neurological Disorders
The discovery of novel therapies of neurodegenerative diseases has gained drive from advances in optogenetics—mainly through the use of light-sensitive proteins. The neuroscience market has benefitted from advances being made in optical stimulation methods. These are being increasingly preferred to pharmaceutical and electrical methods and also among other brain stimulation techniques, the reason having to do with their marked accuracy and less adverse effect on tissues. The market is thus likely to draw sizable research funding in the application of these methods with the focus on understanding brain circuitries related to different psychiatric and neurological disorders, and hence finding novel treatments approaches.
Researchers have been increasingly been harnessing opsin toolbox in vivo experiments. Advent of optogenetic microelectrocorticography has opened a new frontier in this regard.
Multidisciplinary Investigations in Exercise Neuroscience Growing
New initiatives in exercise-induced brain plasticity form the fodder for non-pharmacological therapeutic and genetic research in the neuroscience market. The drive stems increasingly from the need for promoting brain fitness. Multidisciplinary investigations have further improved the understanding of brain plasticity, expanding avenues in exercise neuroscience. They are harnessing functional ultrasound imaging technologies to this end.\
Moreover, advances in cellular and molecular neuroscience have broadened the horizon of neuroscience research in recent years, thereby catalyzing growth in the neuroscience market. Further, a new frontier social neuroscience is gathering traction among proponents offering technologies for behavior analysis.
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